3.2 Mathematical Constants

Constants are represented as functions with no arguments and must be called as such. For instance, the mathematical constant \(\pi\) must be written in a Stan program as pi().

real pi()
\(\pi\), the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter

real e()
\(e\), the base of the natural logarithm

real sqrt2()
The square root of 2

real log2()
The natural logarithm of 2

real log10()
The natural logarithm of 10