Compute the Monte Carlo standard error for the mean (expectation) of a single variable.

mcse_mean(x, ...)

# S3 method for default
mcse_mean(x, ...)

# S3 method for rvar
mcse_mean(x, ...)

Arguments

x

(multiple options) One of:

...

Arguments passed to individual methods (if applicable).

Value

If the input is an array, returns a single numeric value. If any of the draws is non-finite, that is, NA, NaN, Inf, or -Inf, the returned output will be (numeric) NA. Also, if all draws within any of the chains of a variable are the same (constant), the returned output will be (numeric) NA as well. The reason for the latter is that, for constant draws, we cannot distinguish between variables that are supposed to be constant (e.g., a diagonal element of a correlation matrix is always 1) or variables that just happened to be constant because of a failure of convergence or other problems in the sampling process.

If the input is an rvar, returns an array of the same dimensions as the rvar, where each element is equal to the value that would be returned by passing the draws array for that element of the rvar to this function.

References

Andrew Gelman, John B. Carlin, Hal S. Stern, David B. Dunson, Aki Vehtari and Donald B. Rubin (2013). Bayesian Data Analysis, Third Edition. Chapman and Hall/CRC.

See also

Other diagnostics: ess_basic(), ess_bulk(), ess_quantile(), ess_sd(), ess_tail(), mcse_quantile(), mcse_sd(), rhat_basic(), rhat(), rstar()

Examples

mu <- extract_variable_matrix(example_draws(), "mu") mcse_mean(mu)
#> [1] 0.1504394
d <- as_draws_rvars(example_draws("multi_normal")) mcse_mean(d$Sigma)
#> [,1] [,2] [,3] #> [1,] 0.006331065 0.009478331 0.01283981 #> [2,] 0.009478331 0.019579138 0.02346471 #> [3,] 0.012839814 0.023464711 0.03748603