Compute a bulk effective sample size estimate (bulkESS) for a single
variable. BulkESS is useful as a diagnostic for the sampling efficiency in
the bulk of the posterior. It is defined as the effective sample size for
rank normalized values using split chains. For the tail effective sample size
see ess_tail()
.
ess_bulk(x, ...) # S3 method for default ess_bulk(x, ...) # S3 method for rvar ess_bulk(x, ...)
x  (multiple options) One of:


...  Arguments passed to individual methods (if applicable). 
If the input is an array, returns a single numeric value. If any of the draws
is nonfinite, that is, NA
, NaN
, Inf
, or Inf
, the returned output
will be (numeric) NA
. Also, if all draws within any of the chains of a
variable are the same (constant), the returned output will be (numeric) NA
as well. The reason for the latter is that, for constant draws, we cannot
distinguish between variables that are supposed to be constant (e.g., a
diagonal element of a correlation matrix is always 1) or variables that just
happened to be constant because of a failure of convergence or other problems
in the sampling process.
If the input is an rvar
, returns an array of the same dimensions as the
rvar
, where each element is equal to the value that would be returned by
passing the draws array for that element of the rvar
to this function.
Aki Vehtari, Andrew Gelman, Daniel Simpson, Bob Carpenter, and
PaulChristian Bürkner (2019). Ranknormalization, folding, and
localization: An improved Rhat for assessing convergence of
MCMC. arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.08008
.
Other diagnostics:
ess_basic()
,
ess_quantile()
,
ess_sd()
,
ess_tail()
,
mcse_mean()
,
mcse_quantile()
,
mcse_sd()
,
rhat_basic()
,
rhat()
,
rstar()
#> [1] 558.0173#> [,1] [,2] [,3] #> [1,] 742.2907 454.0657 468.3890 #> [2,] 454.0657 528.7972 434.1141 #> [3,] 468.3890 434.1141 728.9440