4.2 Array size and dimension function
The size of an array or matrix can be obtained using the
dims() function is defined to take an argument
consisting of any variable with up to 8 array dimensions (and up to 2
additional matrix dimensions) and returns an array of integers with
the dimensions. For example, if two variables are declared as
real x[7,8,9]; matrix[8,9] y;
dims(y) returns an integer array of size 3
containing the elements 7, 8, and 9 in that order.
size() function extracts the number of elements in an array.
This is just the top-level elements, so if the array is declared as
the size of
num_elements, on the other hand, measures all of the
elements, so that the array
a above has \(M \times N\) elements.
The specialized functions
cols() should be used to
extract the dimensions of vectors and matrices.
Return an integer array containing the dimensions of x; the type of the argument T can be any Stan type with up to 8 array dimensions.
Return the total number of elements in the array x including all elements in contained arrays, vectors, and matrices. T can be any array type. For example, if
x is of type
num_elements(x) is 12, and if
y is declared as
size(y) evaluates to 60.
Return the number of elements in the array x; the type of the array T can be any type, but the size is just the size of the top level array, not the total number of elements contained. For example, if
x is of
size(x) is 4.