7.8 While Statements

Stan supports standard while loops using the same syntax as C++. The general format is as follows.

while (condition)
  body

The condition must be an integer or real expression and the body can be any statement (or sequence of statements in curly braces).

Evaluation of a while loop starts by evaluating the condition. If the condition evaluates to a false (zero) value, the execution of the loop terminates and control moves to the position after the loop. If the loop’s condition evaluates to a true (non-zero) value, the body statement is executed, then the whole loop is executed again. Thus the loop is continually executed as long as the condition evaluates to a true value.

The rest of the body of a while loop may be skipped using a continue. The loop will be exited with a break statement. See the section on continue and break statements for more details.